Job description

Web developers produce websites by coding, designing and laying out an organisation’s webpages. They’re responsible for implementing content, graphics, applications and overall performance and capacity. With experience in graphic design and computer programming, they utilise software to convert written, audio, graphic and video content into web formats.


    • Create websites using content creation tools, scripting languages and digital media software
    • Maintain websites by checking for bugs, glitches, graphics and security breaches
    • Update website content by publishing a mix of evergreen and relevant content
    • Design and install website security measures, like firewalls and encryption
    • Run tests to ensure a superb user experience
    • Back up all your files to local directories to ensure instant data recovery of the website
    • Meet clients to determine technical requirements and overall layout of the website
    • Troubleshoot problems with applications, systems and webpages
    • Collaborate and confer with others to resolve issues affecting the website
    • Proofread code to make sure that it is properly put together, meets industry standards and is universally compatible
    • Analyse project data to make sure that it is in line with the website infrastructure
    • Renew domain name registrations
    • Register websites with search engine indexes, create searchable indices and produce basic search engine optimisation (SEO)

Skills and qualities

Attention to detail
Customer service
Time management

Job outlook

Projected growth
The projected growth rate of employment in the US from 2018 to 2028, based on data collected through the BLS Employment Projections (EP) programme. The national average growth rate for all professions is 5%.


New jobs
The number of jobs projected to become available in the US between 2018 and 2028, based on data collected through the BLS Employment Projections (EP) programme.


Automation risk
The probability of computerisation, based on data published in ‘The Future of Employment’, a 2013 working paper by Carl Benedikt Frey and Michael Osborne.


Career progression

A web developer has many career routes to explore after working in this position for a long time. Some of the advanced positions typically offered to web developers are related to management or senior positions, such as that of a project manager or senior back-end developer.

Working conditions

Average hours

40h/ week

Typical schedule

Full Time

Standard business hours

Although the position is full time and will mostly involve a typical 9am–5pm schedule, web developers can anticipate working evenings, weekends and holidays on occasion. This is especially true if critical problems need to be solved or deadlines must be met. The benefit, however, is that a lot of the web development tasks and resolutions can be done remotely, meaning the job can be done at home.


Bottom 10%




Top 10%


Annual salary estimates are based on percentile wage data collected through the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey of US workers.

Qualifications and training

Education level


Bachelor’s degree in computer science or related field

Study time

4 years

To become a web developer, you generally need to possess a bachelor’s degree in computer science, engineering or programming. That said, you might not need to hold any postsecondary degrees or certifications if you already maintain a strong acumen in HTML, programming languages, multimedia tools and other back-end development tools.

However, it would be prudent for your career advancement to take coursework to keep up with the newest tools, software and techniques, should you choose to abstain from college or university.

Also, in order to attain employment, it would be beneficial to develop a portfolio of your work.

Last Updated: Wednesday, November 2, 2022

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