Job description

Fish and game wardens patrol natural areas like forests and lakes, and enforce hunting, fishing and boating laws. They investigate complaints and accidents, prevent poaching and out-of-season hunting, and conduct search-and-rescue efforts. Fish and game wardens also work with environmental scientists on projects to preserve wildlife and their habitats. They inform the public on conservation efforts, regulations and staying safe in natural environments.


    • Patrol assigned natural areas by car, ATV, boat, airplane, horse or on foot
    • Enforce hunting, fishing or boating laws
    • Preserve and protect natural wildlife and their habitats
    • Investigate hunting accidents, property damage caused by wildlife and reports of fish or game law violations
    • Issue warnings or citations as necessary
    • Serve warrants and make arrests
    • Seize illegally taken or possessed fish and wildlife and any equipment used in violations
    • Compile evidence and present in court proceedings when required
    • Suggest changes to hunting, trapping and fishing regulations to help maintain wildlife balances
    • Issue licences, permits and other documentation related to fish, game, land and waterways
    • Relocate injured or dangerous wildlife to ensure public and animal safety
    • Collect samples and biological information on fish and wildlife for study and conservation programmes
    • Coordinate with environmental scientists on studies, conservation programmes and public education
    • Address schools, clubs and other organisations about regulations and safety in natural environments
    • Disseminate information on conservation, safety and laws through various forms of media
    • Provide park and reserve information and lead hunter and trapper safety training
    • Collaborate with other law enforcement divisions and participate in search-and-rescue operations

Skills and qualities

State and federal regulations
Environmental science
Criminal justice
Active listening
Critical thinking
Physical fitness
Social perceptiveness
Stress tolerance
Service orientation
Attention to detail

Job outlook

Projected growth
The projected growth rate of employment in the US from 2018 to 2028, based on data collected through the BLS Employment Projections (EP) programme. The national average growth rate for all professions is 5%.


New jobs
The number of jobs projected to become available in the US between 2018 and 2028, based on data collected through the BLS Employment Projections (EP) programme.


Automation risk
The probability of computerisation, based on data published in ‘The Future of Employment’, a 2013 working paper by Carl Benedikt Frey and Michael Osborne.


Career progression

Fish and game wardens have many opportunities for continuing education and training in a variety of subjects related to their work. Gaining additional skills, knowledge and applicable degrees can put you in line for promotions and leadership roles. Relocating to a different state or a federal position can also open up new opportunities.

Working conditions

Average hours

40h/ week

Typical schedule

Shift Work

On a rota

Fish and game wardens work in a variety of outdoor environments, from remote wilderness and vast waterways to parks and campgrounds in more densely populated regions. You will likely deal with extreme temperatures, weather conditions and difficult terrain. Fish and game wardens are at risk of animal attacks as well as potentially dangerous human encounters.

Warden jobs are typically full-time, but shifts can include nights, weekends and holidays. You will collaborate with others on certain tasks, but be prepared for a lot of solitary work.


Bottom 10%




Top 10%


Annual salary estimates are based on percentile wage data collected through the Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) survey of US workers.

Qualifications and training

Education level


Bachelor's degree in wildlife science

Study time

4 years

Qualifications for fish and game wardens can vary, so check with the appropriate state or federal agency for specific requirements. Most require a bachelor's degree in a related subject like wildlife science, biology or natural resources management. Some states prefer a degree in criminal justice. The US Fish and Wildlife Service allows applicants with less education if they have experience in a related field.

Most state and federal agencies require academy training. Since fish and game wardens are law enforcement officers, you’ll need similar training in areas like self-defence, firearms and investigation. Advanced programmes can include instruction in arrest procedures, field exercises and emergency response.

At the start of your career, you’ll work closely with an experienced warden and receive on-the-job training.

Last Updated: Wednesday, November 2, 2022

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